Taiwanese historian Su Ben (sometimes called the Che Guevara of Taiwan) tells a very different story in his 1962 book. Taiwan’s 400-Year History: The Origin and Continuous Development of Taiwanese Society and PeopleA short English version was published in 1986.
Su Beng, who died in 2019 at the age of 100, made a compelling case that Taiwan had been repeatedly colonized, first by the Dutch, later by Spain, the Ming and Qing dynasties, and Japan.
He pointed out that immigration from Taiwan to the mainland was prohibited until 1875, as Taiwan was a colony of China and not truly part of China. Treaty of Shimonoseki.
Taiwanese nationalists point out that China regained control of Taiwan only after World War II when then-ruler Chiang Kai-shek took back the island. On February 28, 1947, Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang government brutally crushed an anti-government uprising in Taiwan, killing thousands.